VI It didn't take very long until Malcolm X had become the assistant minister of the Detroit Mosque. He worked hard to build up the number of members. After that he became very good friends with Elijah Muhammed when he went to live in Chicago for a time to study under him personally. He learned the organization inside out and began to set up Muslim mosques in dozens of cities and towns. And then in June of 1954, he was named to become the head minister of the Muslim Mosque in Harlem -- he could not have been appointed to a more important job in the organization -- New York City was so large and had over a million black people in it -- Malcolm had been put in charge of one of the most vital links in the group and was not yet thirty years old. It certainly wasn't an easy job and there were not thousands of sheep in the fold, for few people knew of the Muslims, and fewer still would obey their strict rules. But in 1958, an incident in New York would help them with unwanted fuel. Malcolm had only recently married Betty X, when Harlem overnight was given reason to notice the Muslims -- and thy grew greatly in the sight. Some of New York's finest, the police, beat and arrested a Muslim who had not 'moved on' as they ordered. Malcolm and fifty other Muslims marched to the station, which Malcolm entered -- and he demanded that the police take the man to the hospital, which they did as the Muslims followed in the wake of the ambulance, attracting a large crowd. But when the doctors at the hospital said that the injured man would be alright, Malcolm waved his hand and bade all of them to leave, and they marched off -- soon, all of Harlem knew about them, and began to take greater notice of their Harlem leader named Malcolm. VII. But some of the more 'moderate' leaders began to criticize these Muslims for having said that all whites were evil and for advocating separation, but also for criticizing the tactics of the civil rights demonstrations. Malcolm did not want to argue with other blacks, but when the attacks kept on, he began to openly call them 'Uncle Toms,' and when whites would say that he taught hatred, he would say that they were in no moral position to judge and ought not accuse anyone else of hate. He would appear on the radio and TV, and at college campuses to defend or elaborate about the things that he and the Muslims had been saying, as to blacks living in a separate state or going back to Africa to settle. He would say he sought to separate and differentiated that from segregation, for the former was done of free will, while the later meant someone else controlled your life and liberty -- two equals were deciding upon the path of separation which he said was for the common good of both black people and white people -- and many of both agreed that they should. There were Black Muslims in every big city and they had their own newspaper by 1961, called Muhammed Speaks. Malcolm did most of the speaking; Eli- jah Muhammed's health had been poor. And Malcolm had become easily the most famous member of the group, and was well-known nationally. And Malcolm would often disagree with the civil rights movement because he did not believe that sitting down and getting hurt to be served was a very good tactic. If beaten, he said that they should defend themselves by any means necessary -- and this, others would comprehend as Malcolm advocating violence. When charged with that, he would answer: "I would go for nonviolence if I could be really assured that everybody would be nonviolent all of the time. If they will make the White Citizens' Council nonviolent, I'll be nonviolent. But I don't see that it's fair to tell black people that nonviolent is what they must be unless someone is able to make those white groups be nonviolent, too." But Malcolm was beginning to hear rumors that Elijah Muhammed was not adhering to the strict moral code that he was teaching. There were those who were starting to say that he was wasting the hard-earned money, and this would cause Malcolm to break away. Continue