VIII. The Muslim Mosque, Inc., was started by Malcolm in 1964 in Harlem, and it welcomed all blacks, whatever their religious beliefs were. And Malcolm had started saying that black nationalism did not mean separate black states or returning to Africa, but controlling the community scene. "We must control the politics and politicians of our community. They must no longer take orders from outside forces," was his philosophy. And now Malcolm would moce more mark another turning point in his lifetime, for he made a pilgrimage to Mecca, and was surprised by what he would find. For there he was helped by important Muslims who happened to be white. And after talking to them, he began to change some of his ideas, and would write: "I began to see that 'white man' means skin color only partially. Mostly, it describes attitudes and actions. In America, 'white man' means to be of certain attitudes and actions toward nonwhite men. But in the Muslim lands, I saw that men with white skin were more brotherly than anyone else had been." He did not mean he loved all white men, but began to think that brotherhood among blacks and whites might be possible someday. Malcolm also would visit other lands in the Mid-East and Africa, and met with leaders there who asked about the struggle of black people in America, and he began to believe that the task of his black brothers and sisters in America, and even some of the whites, was to work with people all over the world who were involved in freedom's fight. IX. Once he was back home in America, he would speak of how black people might better demand 'human rights' for all men than asking the government for 'civil rights.' And he planned to work with African nations to have American racial woes studied by the United Nations. What Malcolm was trying to propose was that black Americans had to realize that they had millions of African brothers, and that they should make for unity among themselves certain. Toward that end, he would institute the Organization of Afro-American Unity, and undertook another journey to African and Middle-Eastern countries. When he returned, he traveled America, talking now to both blacks and whites, and said that he knew many young people of both races wanted to do what was right about racial problems. He suggested, "Working apart, sincere whites and sincere blacks will actually be working together." But civil rights groups looked with fear at Malcolm because of his image and did not want to work with him. And the more militant of black organizations thought he was now too moderate for them. X. It was a cold morning in February of 1965, and Malcolm's home in New York was bombed. Though his family escaped, this was an act that seemed to purport that someone intended to get him. He had long received death threats, but things had been happening lately that made it seem more of a sure bet. Leaders of organizations which seemed on the verge of working with him received visits and warnings from the FBI, and were told to stay away from Malcolm. And even some foreign leaders with whom Malcolm X had talked, received threats of what might happen to them if the intelligence community perceived that they continued to work with Malcolm. Yet, at first, he would put the blame on the Muslims he had broken with, for the bombing, but would later claim that the things that had been happening were far beyond what they could do, although he seems to have known things which might have torn their organization in two. Since he knew leaders of revolution in Africa, there were those who thought the FBI and CIA were out to kill Malcolm. It was they who at this time would try to ruin the prestige of Kr. King, as it would be later revealed. There are those who have tried to implicate them in also having King killed. But now Malcolm was very tired. "The way I feel," he would say as he talked to his secretary, "I ought not to go out there today." But Malcolm haad a great many things that he wanted to say. He would tell black people to stop fighting one another. "Part of the white man's trick," he felt, "is to keep us fighting with each other." "That's not what we're here for," he said. It was the night of February twenty-first, and in a few minutes, Malcolm was dead. Now, there would be many people -- radicals, liberals, moderates -- who refused to work with Malcolm X while he had been alive, and yet, now they would quote his speeches and talk of him as one of their kind. Malcolm X had been murdered in Harlem -- a man far ahead of his time. Return to Beginning of POeTRY